Macular Degeneration
 
 

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease causing clear vision to fail in millions of older People.

When electrical signals from the retina (the inner layer of the eye that captures light and turns it into electrical signal) are received by the brain through the optic nerve, they are translated into images

Age related Macular Degeneration is traditionally described as a form of the disease which affects individuals over the age of 55 years. However, we have recently discovered that a significant number of these individuals may have a major genetic component that contributes to the disease.

There are 2 types of AMD, dry and wet. Dry AMD is more common, causing about 90% of AMD. It can develop so gradually that in the beginning stages you might not notice changes in vision. Wet AMD is less common (about 10% of cases) but is more severe and may progress more rapidly.

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Dry Macular Degeneration
, in which the cells of the macula slowly begin to break down, is diagnosed in 90 percent of the cases. Yellow deposits called "drusen" form under the retina between the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) and Bruch’s membrane, which supports the retina. Drusen deposits are "debris" associated with compromised cell metabolism in the RPE and are often the first sign of Macular Degeneration. Eventually, there is a deterioration of the macular regions associated with the drusen deposits resulting in a spotty loss of "straight ahead" vision.

Wet Macular Degeneration occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow behind the macula, then bleed. There is a breakdown in Bruch’s membrane, which usually occurs near drusen deposits. This is where the new blood vessel growth occurs (neovascularization). These vessels are very fragile and leak fluid and blood (hence ‘wet’), resulting in scarring of the macula and the potential for rapid, severe damage. "Straight ahead" vision can become distorted or lost entirely in a short period of time, sometimes within days. Wet macular degeneration accounts for approximately 10% of the cases, however it results in 90% of the legal blindness.

What does Macular Degeneration do to your vision?
Macular degeneration is the imprecise historical name given to that group of diseases that causes sight-sensing cells in the macular zone of the retina to malfunction or lose function and results in debilitating loss of vital central or detail vision.

What are the Symptoms of Macular Degeneration?
Macular Degeneration can cause different symptoms in different people. Sometimes only one eye loses vision while the other eye continues to see well for many years. The condition may be hardly noticeable in its early stages. But when both eyes are affected, reading and close up work can become difficult.

Macular Degeneration One of the easiest ways to screen for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is to use an Amsler grid. An Amsler grid is a chart with lines and a dot at the center.

Your doctor can give you an Amsler grid to use at home. For dry AMD (age-related macular degeneration), check your vision in each eye every day or as often as your doctor advises. It only takes a few seconds.
What can you do if your diagnosed with Macular Degeneration?
Modify environmental risk factors that we know about. You should:
• Eat a low-fat, low cholesterol diet.
• Wear sunglasses with UV protection.
• Eat at least two servings of leafy dark green vegetables per day.
• Do not smoke and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.

If you are post-menopausal, you should consult with your physician concerning estrogen replacement therapy. This may have a favorable impact upon cholesterol lipid levels that play a role in worsening the disease.

Develop healthy habits! If you smoke, QUIT SMOKING! Exercising, maintaining normal blood pressure, cholesterol levels and eating a healthy diet is a step in the right direction. Eat food and-or supplements rich in vitamin E,C and Lutein. Lutein is a plant antioxidant found in high quantities in spinach, kale and other dark green, leafy vegetables.

People who eat fish and green leafy vegetables may be at lower risk of AMD. There is no treatment for early dry AMD, although a special combination of supplements (zinc and antioxidant vitamins) may slow progression in some people with more advanced disease. Early intervention for wet AMD can delay progression.

 
   
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Northbrook Family Eye Care in Northbrook Illinois
Dr. Steven Udesky is a knowledgeable and caring optometrist with extensive training in medical eye care and has earned his reputation for his willingness to listen to patient issues and concerns. Dr. Udesky has been practicing Optometry since 1997 when he received his Doctor of Optometry from the New England College of Optometry and has a bachelors of science in Biology from Depaul University

He has been providing quality eye care to the North Shore and surrounding areas since founding his practice in 2011. The Northbrook Family Eye Care practice specializes in family Optometry and hard to fit contact lenses. With an eye for detail, the practice uses only state of the art equipment and technology. Northbrook Family Eye Care offers individualized services for a variety of family needs and is committed to customizing the best possible treatment for each individual patient.

Dr. Udesky grew up in Northbrook, Illinois and is proud to be a 1988 graduate of Glenbrook North High School and Wood Oaks Junior High. He takes tremendous pride in providing personalized care in the town where he grew up. Dr. Udesky lives in Glenview with his wife Candice and two sons. He comes from a family of optometrists and medical professionals. Serving patients, runs through generations of his family.

Schedule your Eye health and Vision appointment today with Dr. Steven Udesky at our Northbrook Illinois office and give your vision the level of care and attention it deserves.

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